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What They Are:

Tranquilizers and other depressants calm nerves and relax muscles. They are bright-colored capsules or tablets that are legally available through a doctor for medical reasons, but can be illegally abused.

Sometimes Called: downers, goofballs, barbs, blue devils, yellowjackets, ludes
How They're Used: Depressants are swallowed.
What They Do:

When used as prescribed by a doctor, depressants can calm nerves and relax muscles.

Larger or improperly used doses of depressant drugs can cause confusion, lack of coordination, low blood pressure, and slowed heart rate and breathing. Someone who takes them may have slurred speech and an inability to concentrate, and he or she may fall asleep at work or school. Depressants are addictive and withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, sleeplessness, and seizures.

Depressant drugs are very dangerous if taken with alcohol and certain other drugs. Very large doses of depressants can stop breathing and cause death.

Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD
Date reviewed: January 2014

 
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Related Resources:
American Council for Drug Education
The ACDE is a prevention and education agency against substance abuse. This website includes a helpful list of symptoms associated with specific drugs.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
NIDA offers a science-based drug abuse education program for students, news, information, and resources.
Partnership for a Drugfree America
This site features information about drugs and their effects and treatments. The site also shows paraphernalia associated with different drugs and includes personal stories.